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Iowa Public Health Data

IDPH Research Agenda -  Rural EMS Systems

rural EMS systems

About this Topic: Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operate in an increasingly complex environment, particularly in rural areas. Iowa’s EMS system exists within a unique landscape of large rural areas served by high numbers of Critical Access Hospitals (CAHs) and Level IV trauma facilities. IDPH seeks to better understand Iowa’s EMS capacity and resource gaps, in order to improve effectiveness and efficiency of out-of-hospital services to Iowans.

Research Questions:

  1. How can data from the AMANDA Licensing System and/or EMS System and Trauma System Registries (Image Trend Elite) be utilized to measure the impact of volunteer provider training and experience on patient care and outcomes?
  2. How do governmental jurisdictions, and areas of overlapping responsibility, influence 911 (emergency scene) response, transfer, and patient outcomes, specifically in rural areas?
  3. What is the minimum standard for dispatch, response, and on-scene response times for rural Iowa to assure the best outcomes for ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI), stroke, and trauma?

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