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Adolescent Health

Background

Adolescence is a crucial period with marked physical, emotional, and intellectual changes, as well as changes in social roles, relationships and expectations. All of these are important for the development of the individual and provide the foundation for adulthood. Establishing healthy behavior is a vital part of this foundation.

Adolescents are not just teenagers. Adolescents and young adults include 10-24 year olds in three developmental stages: early adolescence (10-14 years of age); middle adolescence (15-17 years of age); later adolescence and young adulthood (18-24 years of age).

Improving the health of adolescents and young adults is a priority for Iowa. Lifestyle behaviors developed during adolescence have immediate consequences that often continue into adulthood. These behaviors influence short- and long-term prospects for health, educational attainment, risk of chronic disease, and quality of life. Investment in the health of youth has long-term benefits.

Systems Building

The Bureau of Family Health is committed to focusing their efforts on adolescent health by raising awareness with our internal and external partners.  Through infrastructure building we will have the ability to address adolescent health issues both at the local and state levels.

Healthy People 2020

New in Healthy People 2020, adolescents have their own set of goals and objectives set by Healthy People 2020. This website provides an overview of the goals and objectives, as well as intervention information and resources for professionals.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010: How Does it Help Adolescents and Young Adults

Produced by the Center for Adolescent Health & the Law, this fact sheet discusses the major provisions of Health Care Reform and provides an implementation timeline of requirements that are key to adolescents and young adults.

The Teen Years Explained: A Guide to Healthy Adolescent Development             

Programs serving adolescents within the Bureau of Family Health

  • The Abstinence Education Grant Program (AEGP) supports decisions to abstain from sexual activity by providing abstinence education, along with mentoring, counseling and adult supervision.
  • The Healthy and Well Kids in Iowa (hawk – i) program provides health insurance coverage for uninsured children of working families.
  • Iowa’s Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) is an adolescent development initiative that provides comprehensive sexuality education to assist youth in reducing their risk of unintended pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and other STIs while addressing life skills to prepare youth for a successful adulthood.
  • The Adolescent Health Collaborative (AHC) is an intra-agency collaborative, consisting of programs and services offered to Iowa’s youth. These programs include: tobacco use prevention; HIV, STI, and hepatitis prevention and awareness; substance abuse prevention and surveillance; pregnancy prevention; immunization promotion and provision; as well as programs to address adolescent health needs among minority and multicultural populations.
  • EPSDT Care for Kids focuses on assuring that eligible children ages birth to 20 years receive preventive health care services, including oral health care.  EPSDT is the Early Periodic, Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment program for children who are enrolled in Medicaid. EPSDT Care for Kids services are free to adolescents enrolled in Medicaid.
  • The Department of Public Health’s Family Planning Program currently contracts with seven agencies that serve 45 of Iowa’s 99 counties. Services in the remaining counties are provided by contractors of the Family Planning Council of Iowa.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health Collaborative Innovation & Improvement Network (AYAH-CoIIN)

The Adolescent and Young Adult Health National Resource Center is funding five states to participate with key partners in an Adolescent and Young Adult Health Collaborative Innovation & Improvement Network (AYAH-CoIIN). The AYAH-CoIIN focuses on discovering, identifying, and implementing evidence-informed strategies to increase adolescents' and young adults' access to preventive health care visits and to improve the quality of these visits. Iowa's Title V program was one of the programs selected to participate in the first cohort of this learning collaborative. 

Iowa's AYAH-CoIIN team has developed two strategies to improve the quality and uptake of adolescent well visits in the state. Iowa is focusing on improving the quality of adolescent well-visits by piloting a comprehensive self-assessment tool to review three health centers' environment, policies, and practices specific to adolescents and young adults. Iowa is also conducting focus groups to create communication materials to raise awareness on the importance of an adolescent well-visit to increase the quantity of adolescents and young adults accessing their well-visit.

State Links

Youth Suicide Prevention

 IDPH's suicide prevention program works with communities and related partners to provide information about signs and symptoms of depression and suicide, and develop suicide prevention strategies.

SBIRT Iowa - Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment

This website provides resources for health professionals to identify Iowans at risk and help them with goal setting, behavior change, brief treatment, or referrals to specialty substance abuse treatment services.

Bureau of HIV, STD, and Hepatitis

The Bureau of HIV, STD, and Hepatitis works to reduce the impact of communicable diseases in Iowa and to eliminate the morbidity associated with these diseases.

Iowa Nutrition Network

The Iowa Nutrition Network is a partnership of public agencies, private organizations, and communities dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles among all Iowans, particularly among low-income individuals and families.

Oral Health Center

The Oral Health Center promotes and advances health behaviors to reduce the risk of oral diseases and improve the oral health status of all Iowans.

I-STEP (Iowa Students for Tobacco Education and Prevention)

I-STEP is Iowa's youth-led tobacco prevention movement.

Adolescent Immunization Program

The goal of the Immunization Program is to reduce and ultimately eliminate the incidence of vaccine preventable diseases by working in conjunction with public and private health care providers throughout Iowa.

NAMI Iowa: Children’s Mental Health Resources

A Free E-Book that is an introduction to mental health services, resources, and support for families of children and teens in Iowa.

Eating Disorder Coalition of Iowa

Eating Disorder Coalition of Iowa (EDCI) is an independent, not-for-profit organization whose purpose is to establish a centralized resource for prevention, hope and resources for Iowans.

Iowa Parent Information Resource Center

Linking Iowa parents and educators for student success.